Valentine’s Day Fine Motor Craft

Valentine's Day Fine Motor Craft

Valentine’s Day is less than a month away and many classrooms have already traded in winter themes for heart-shaped crafts and activities. Here’s a simple heart-centered fine motor activity I have done with some students recently to target their goal areas while also giving them a chance to make something they can bring home to their parents. I’ve also included suggestions for adaptations in case you want to work on additional skills or change things up a bit.

Materials needed:
♥ Red and pink construction paper (one sheet of each)
♥ Marker for adult to draw lines and dots
♥ Kid-friendly scissors
♥ Glue stick
♥ Short red crayon
♥ Bottle of squeeze glue
♥ Red tissue paper

Appropriate age level:
♥ Preschool and above

Skills challenged:
♥ Cutting, coloring, pasting, gluing, crumpling
♥ Fine motor strength and dexterity
♥ Bilateral coordination (coordinating the use of two hands)
♥ Visual motor skills (hand-eye coordination)
♥ Visual perceptual skills (scanning, tracking)
♥ Overall attention
♥ Sequencing steps
♥ Sensory processing (grading pressure, touching glue)
♥ Crayon/pencil grasp

Step 1:
Give child a piece of red construction paper folded in half and prepped with half a heart for them to cut out. The thicker the paper, the more strength required to cut it, and the more sensory feedback provided to the child’s hand and arm while cutting.

Valentine's Day Fine Motor Craft

Step 2:
Have child cut out the half a heart. They can either cut on the line or, if that’s too hard for them, you can draw a “road” for them to cut on so they just have to try and stay in the general vicinity of the line. The road visual seems to really help kiddos who either have poor visual attention to regular lines or who are highly perfectionistic and tend to meltdown if they don’t cut absolutely perfectly on the line. If the road isn’t enough of a visual prompt to guide their cutting, try using play dough or Wiki Stix as a physical boundary for their road.

Valentine's Day Fine Motor Craft Valentine's Day Fine Motor Craft

Step 3:
Have the child open up the heart, paste the back of it with a glue stick, and mount it on the sheet of pink construction paper. Be sure they are extending that index finger to pinch and control the glue stick (rather than tucking it in and using their knuckle to hold it). Encourage them to hold the glue stick like a pencil as much as possible (pinching between thumb and index finger while resting it on the middle finger) rather than grabbing it with their fist or somehow holding it with all their fingers.

Valentine's Day Fine Motor Craft Valentine's Day Fine Motor Craft

Step 4:
Have the child color the heart with a short red crayon. The short crayon encourages them to pinch it with a tripod grasp as pictured below, with thumb and index finger controlling the crayon while the “web space” (that fleshy part between those two finger joints) remains open in an “O” shape. If they have a hard time coloring only on the heart, you can again try using play dough or Wiki Stix as a physical boundary to help them color inside the lines. And if you have a child who could use a little extra sensory input while coloring the large heart, you can always place a sheet of sandpaper (found at most home improvement stores) or plastic embroidery canvas (found at most craft stores) under the paper to provide some additional resistance and vibration to the hand and fingers. It should make a pretty cool pattern as well!

Valentine's Day Fine Motor Craft

Step 5:
Draw dots all over the heart to indicate where the child will dot their glue. You can either draw all the dots at once and cover the entire heart, or you can only give them a few to do at a time. It all depends on the child’s attention and visual processing skills. The more dots you give them to do at once, the greater the challenge as they must visually scan and attend to all the dots until they finish them. Or instead of randomly placing dots on the heart, you can intentionally draw them so the student must glue top to bottom, left to right, just like we want them to do when they are learning to form their capital letters! When I work one-on-one with students, I like to give them 3 or 5 or 10 dots at a time and then see how they respond. It’s a nice challenge not only for their visual perceptual and hand-eye coordination skills, but also for their fine motor skills as they must twist open the glue bottle and then “grade” their pressure so they squeeze it just enough to get the glue out but not so much that they drown the poor dot.

Valentine's Day Fine Motor Craft Valentine's Day Fine Motor Craft

Step 6:
Time to crumple some tissue paper! Give the student squares of red tissue paper that are about one- to two-inch squares so they are just large enough to crumple into tiny balls and press onto the glue. Up the challenge by having students tear the tissue paper themselves. Show them how to crumple the tissue paper using both hands together or, if they’re really good, ask them if they can crumple it using only one hand (pictured below)! Depending on how they do it, this challenges their bilateral hand skills as well as their fine motor dexterity and the strength of those tiny muscles in the fingers and hands.The more paper to crumple, the more practice those little hands get! And, much like when they had to search for the dots during the gluing phase, the student must continue to visually scan across the heart to find every last dot of glue.

Valentine's Day Fine Motor Craft Valentine's Day Fine Motor Craft

While some children may only be able to realistically cover their heart with ten or so pieces of tissue paper, others may want or be able to cover virtually the entire heart. Feel free to challenge your kiddos as much as you think they can handle with this Valentine’s Day craft. You don’t want to bore them with a totally easy project, but you also don’t want to push them so hard that they just shut down because the challenge is too great. Some may need a visual model of a completed project in order to really get a sense of what they’re working on. Adapt and modify as necessary so they can be successful. Happy Valentine’s Day!

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Mama OT In addition to being mama to two sweet little boys and wife to a crazy awesome husband, Christie is a Registered & Licensed Occupational Therapist (OTR/L). She holds a B.A. in Psychology with a Minor in Education from the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA...Go Bruins!), and an M.A. in Occupational Therapy from the University of Southern California (USC OT). She has experience working as a pediatric OT in early intervention (birth to 3), clinic-based, and school-based settings. Her mission with is to encourage, educate, and empower those who care for children. Christie loves that she gets to PLAY when she goes to work, is hopelessly addicted to Kettle Corn, and is known for being able to turn virtually anything into a therapeutic tool or activity, from empty food containers to laundry and everything in between. Learn more about Christie and what inspired her to become an OT.

Occupational therapy (OT) is a holistic profession that helps people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities, also known as “occupations”. Some OTs help people diagnosed with disability, injury, or disease. Others help prevent disability, injury, or disease. Because of occupational therapy, people of all ages are able to say, "I can!" no matter what their struggle. Isn't that amazing?!

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Please provide appropriate supervision to the child in your care when completing any activities from this site. You as the grown-up will need to decide what types of products/activities on this list will be safe for your child. If you’re not sure, check with your child’s occupational therapist or pediatrician. Appropriate and reasonable caution should be used when implementing any ideas or activities from this site, particularly if there is any risk of injury (e.g., falling, crashing), choking (e.g., small parts), drowning (e.g., water play), or allergic/adverse reaction (e.g., materials/ingredients). The author and blog disclaim liability for any damage, mishap, or injury that may occur from engaging in any activities or ideas from this site. 
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7 thoughts on “Valentine’s Day Fine Motor Craft

  1. This looks like a great idea. I’ll try it with my preschoolers.
    One modification I am considering for my younger or more involved kids is: I’ll make the road with a bead of puffy paint that will dry as a barrier that is hard to cut through. It will still allow the kids to cut out the heart but provide a barrier to keep them on track. I’m hoping if I use pink paint the barrier left on the heart will be decorative. It will also help make sure the end product resembles a heart. With some of my more involved kids or my younger kids, the final product without the barrier would not resemble a heart.

    • That sounds great, Linda. I have experienced the same thing with hearts not looking at all like hearts. If you have the time to prep with puffy paint, then definitely do that, especially if you really want them to work on cutting. If cutting is not your main focus, then you could always give them hearts that have already been cut out and then just have them start with a glue stick. Even better, you could give them the paper already prepped with heart glued on and puffy paint dried around the border of the heart to provide a decorative boundary for coloring. It really just depends what your main focus is for this particular activity. Have fun!

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