Exersaucers: The good, the bad, the better

If you’ve been around Baby Land long, you probably know exersaucers can be quite the source of controversy. Many people (particularly pediatric therapists) vehemently oppose their existence while others (exhausted caregivers) praise their invention. I believe it’s important to take a balanced approach to these sorts of issues because, let’s face it, we humans just don’t respond well to ultimatums telling us to “never” or “always” do something.

funny baby is playing in baby jumper

So, what’s the deal with exersaucers?


Exersaucers give parents and caregivers a break, and they’re fun for babies. They allow us to put our babies down in a place where they won’t roll away or get into mischief so we can take a shower, wash the dishes, change the laundry, or flop onto the couch in exhaustion. They also give babies a chance to try out new skills and sensations as they swat at toys, turn plastic pages, push buttons to activate lights and music, and rock and bounce themselves in their stationary play structure.

The story goes that exersaucers were developed in the 90’s as a response to all the injuries caused by baby walkers. Walkers allowed immobile, ground-level babies to suddently become mobile and upright, which resulted in HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS of babies becoming injured by doing things like falling down stairs and reaching for hot stoves…a parent’s worst nightmare! Walkers also taught babies how to “walk” by using terrible biomechanics and movement patterns, and walker use actually ended up delaying babies’ abilities to independently walk. One particular baby company decided to go ahead and invent a product to be a safer alternative to walkers, and that was how they marketed it. In addition to safety, they also wanted their product to entertain babies while maybe teaching them a developmental skill or two. So what did they invent? The exersaucer.


Although the numbers show exersaucers have certainly served as a safe alternative to baby walkers over the past two decades, their presence in homes across the world have not come without criticism, particularly from the pediatric therapy community. Here’s why:

Poor posturing. When babies are placed in exersaucers, they have a tendency to shift into a position that tips their head back too far, their shoulders up too high, their shoulder blades pulled too far back, their hips pulled too far apart by a stiff piece of fabric, and their back too arched as their belly sways forward. Are you picturing this position? Go back through that first sentence and see if you can put yourself in that position. Uncomfortable, right?

Poor standing position. Exersaucers encourage babies to stand by locking out their knees in order to compensate for weakness because they’re placed in a standing position before they are ready for it. They also cause babies to bear weight on their toes instead of on their whole foot, which is known to contribute to the over-development of calf muscles and, if severe, can lead to toe walking.

Poor sense of balance control. Babies who spend time in exersaucers end up in a position where their center of gravity remains forward, thus interfering with their development of balance. Our bodies develop a sense of balance through the feedback given to us by receptors in our muscles and joints (called proprioceptors). When we lose our balance, these receptors send a message to our brain (which goes back to our body), telling us to adjust our position in order to avoid falling. This message is non-existent when placed in an exersaucer. Babies also have difficulty developing a sense of balance control while in exersaucers because they can’t see their feet, which is something they need to be able to do when learning how to stand and balance independently.

Decreased exploration of the environment. Active exploration of the environment allows babies to develop their cognitive and motor skills, especially when trying to obtain objects out of their reach. This encourages rolling, scooting, crawling, and pulling to stand. Although exersaucers include many toys providing sensory stimulation and opportunities for problem solving, all toys are set right in front of them, thus depriving them of opportunities to challenge their gross motor development in order to explore their environment.

Decreased interaction. Raise your hand if you’ve ever put baby in an exersaucer and then gone somewhere else to get something done, such as washing dishes, cooking dinner, changing laundry, or working on the computer. Yeah, we’ve all done it. It’s tempting and easy. But babies need that human interaction more than anything else.in the first year of life

Risk of overuse. Oh how easy it is for grown-ups to set a baby in an exersaucer, set out to do a task and, next thing you know, it’s been 45 minutes or more. Not only is it easy to lose track of time while baby is in there, but it’s also easy to justify their being in the saucer for a long time, “because they’re learning.” Um, no. Not a good reason. Once you start to use it regularly, it will become easier and easier to have it become your first resort rather than your last.


Despite these strikes against them, I believe exersaucers will be around for a long time because parents and babies love them. Rather than “outlawing” them, I believe it’s more beneficial (and realistic) to provide suggestions for how adults can modify the use of these devices so they’re better for babies because, let’s face, who responds well to ultimatums?

You can modify the way you use exersaucers to make them safer and better for babies. Here are some suggestions:

If baby is able to sit with minimal support (typically around 4-6 months), play with her while she’s seated on the outside edge of the saucer rather than placing her in it. This allows her to play with the toys and practice supported sitting, which will be more appropriate for her at this age than actually being placed in it.

Wait to place baby in exersaucer until he can sit independently, without having to use arms for balance (typically around 6 or 7 months). Most play saucers state they can be used with infants as young as 4 months. But waiting until they are older and can sit very well on their own will ensure they have adequate trunk strength and possibly decrease their tendency to assume the poor posture mentioned earlier.

Detach toys from exersaucer and allow baby to play with them on the floor if she is not yet sitting independently. This may not apply to all brands, but if it does, go for it! This will allow him to get down on the floor as he continues to develop motor skills and explore the environment while still being able to play with the great toys that came with the saucer.

Place a pillow under baby’s feet so she’s not totally flat-footed or tippie-toed. We don’t want to promote either position. I learned this tip from child development guru Laura Sobell. Just keep an eye on baby’s feet to make sure she’s not standing with them in an abnormal position, like ankles rolled over or toes tucked under.

Limit the amount of rocking baby can perform while in saucer by using stabilizing legs provided. Exersaucers give babies the opportunity to bounce and rock, putting a smile on their (and their caregivers’) face. However, this rocking can carry over to other contexts where it is unsafe or uncalled for (e.g., sitting on the floor and tipping backward, sitting in baby bath and tipping forward, sitting in high chair). Trust me, I’ve seen it with my own eyes. Many saucers include stabilizing legs that fold down to limit rocking, especially for older babies who can really get them going like a carnival ride at the county fair!

If baby is learning to stand while holding on to a chest-high surface (generally between 6-10 months), play with him while he’s standing and holding onto the outside of the saucer. Kind of like using a baby play table. Of course, you’ll need to closely supervise him to ensure he doesn’t lose his balance and topple over. But this is a great way to still play with the fun toys while practicing a new motor skill he can’t do if he’s actually in the saucer.

Interact with baby while in exersaucer. I know, I know, the point of using this thing is to give you a break from baby responsibilities while you get stuff done. But don’t just put her in there and then turn your back. Even if you’re totally engrossed in folding laundry (exciting stuff, I know), you can still talk to her about what she’s doing and praise her when she figures out how to activate new buttons and dealy-bobs.

Limit use to 15 minutes TOTAL per day. This really should be a once-a-day activity if you’re going to use it. Pick one 15-minute chore or a few short tasks during the day that will necessitate the use of the exersaucer. Maybe it’s preparing a meal, going downstairs to change the laundry, taking a shower, or taking a much-needed 15-minute break from the baby (don’t pretend like you’ve never needed it…we all do). Set a timer because, let me assure you, you WILL lose track of time, especially if baby is having a good time in there.

Give baby plenty of time to play on the floor or on an exercise ball during the day. Motor skills develop from experience and practice, and the best place for babies to get this practice is on the floor! They need time on their tummy, back, both sides, sitting on their bottom, and rocking on hands and knees in order to build skills toward rolling, crawling, and walking.

To see some of these suggestions in action, click here!

So there you have it. A balanced look at the good, the bad, and the better in the world of exersaucers. If you’re interested in learning more about exersaucer use and how to help children develop motor skills in their early years, check out the book Why Motor Skills Matter: Improve Your Child’s Physical Development to Enhance Learning and Self-Esteem, by Tara Losquadro Liddle. She’s a pediatric physical therapist with great information, practical tips for promoting kids’ motor development, and an easy-to-understand writing style.

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You may also like these infant-related posts on Mama OT:

How to Play with Your Newborn Baby

15 Toys for Baby’s First Year

Developmental Benefits of Using a Baby Play Gym

Tips for Making Tummy Time a Little Less…Um…Miserable

How to Use a Therapy Ball to Make Tummy Time Easier and More Fun for Your Baby

How to Create a “Yes” Space for Your Baby

Beware the Baby Bumbo Seat

Better Than a Bumbo: 5 Ways to Support a Wobbly Sitter

10 Tips for Helping Babies Learn to Roll

How To Roll a Ball with Your Baby to Support His or Her Development

8 Ways to Use a Baby Play Table

CLICK HERE to access all infant-related posts ever published on Mama OT!

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Mama OTIn addition to being mama to two sweet little boys and wife to a crazy awesome husband, Christie is a Registered & Licensed Occupational Therapist (OTR/L). She holds a B.A. in Psychology with a Minor in Education from the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA...Go Bruins!), and an M.A. in Occupational Therapy from the University of Southern California (USC OT). She has experience working as a pediatric OT in early intervention (birth to 3), clinic-based, and school-based settings. Her mission with MamaOT.com is to encourage, educate, and empower those who care for children. Christie loves that she gets to PLAY when she goes to work, is hopelessly addicted to Kettle Corn, and is known for being able to turn virtually anything into a therapeutic tool or activity, from empty food containers to laundry and everything in between. Learn more about Christie and what inspired her to become an OT.

Occupational therapy (OT) is a holistic profession that helps people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities, also known as “occupations”. Some OTs help people diagnosed with disability, injury, or disease. Others help prevent disability, injury, or disease. Because of occupational therapy, people of all ages are able to say, "I can!" no matter what their struggle. Isn't that amazing?!

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Please provide appropriate supervision to the child in your care when completing any activities from this site. You as the grown-up will need to decide what types of products/activities on this list will be safe for your child. If you’re not sure, check with your child’s occupational therapist or pediatrician. Appropriate and reasonable caution should be used when implementing any ideas or activities from this site, particularly if there is any risk of injury (e.g., falling, crashing), choking (e.g., small parts), drowning (e.g., water play), or allergic/adverse reaction (e.g., materials/ingredients). The author and blog disclaim liability for any damage, mishap, or injury that may occur from engaging in any activities or ideas from this site. 
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28 thoughts on “Exersaucers: The good, the bad, the better

  1. Pingback: My new blog for parents and caregivers! « walking by faith

  2. You mean there are babies in this world that will sit in one of those things for that long?! lol

    For my kids, it bought me maybe 5-10 minutes.

    I had no idea that they had such risks, although it kind of goes without saying in regards to the posture. My youngest is 5 months. I haven’t gotten ours out of the closet yet because he’s not ready for it yet, but now I think I’ll just get the toys off it and use them. Thanks!

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  4. Would you say that the same concepts apply to a “jump a roo” type baby gear? That’s what we had with my daughter and were planning on getting one for my baby son as well.

  5. With my second it was lovely because her brother could stand on the outside. They were close to eye to eye without him knocking her over and no one could snatch a toy away

  6. I really appreciate the way you presented this information, and I look forward to reading more from you! I feel that we use our saucer the “right” way. But this gave me a confident stance on why to use it the way we do. Thanks!

  7. I saw this linked from Baby Cheapskate today and just wanted to say that I really appreciated this post, both as a professional and a mom. I think one of the hardest things to navigate as a parent is balancing what is best for the child’s development with our own needs for downtime & hands-off time, I love the practical suggestions for using these items in positive ways!

  8. Pingback: Copiii cu trisomii recomanda: Exersaucer | Fara sa stie, ingeri...

  9. Thanks for this advice and presented in such a great way. Yes, ‘all or nothing’ is unrealistic.

    I just saw a picture of a friend’s baby online in an exersaucer. I knew she was about a month younger than my 5 1/2 month old. So of course I began googling and found this! Can’t imagine putty my floppy gal in there yet, but am looking forward to being able to (without guilt and using the above guidelines). Again, thanks!

  10. I am happy to see that you explain the posture issues. I currently have a 5.5month old, and a few friends who are raising babies of similar age. I come from a European background where pediatricians and pediatric chiropractors strictly advise against putting a baby in a sitting position until at least 6 months of age, when their core is strong enough to hold the spine in the right position. Failing to do so may result in incorrect spinal development. It hasn’t been easy following this rule all of the time, as it means that I need to either carry my baby a lot, or leave her lying on the floor/play pen/couch where she only lasts for a few minutes at a time, resulting in housework neglect! But, knowing what I know, I can’t possibly put her in a Bumbo or any other sitting equipment for that matter, and bear the consequences of her having spinal issues in the future. It also hurts me to see my friends, and others, put their 2 month old babies in their laps in a slumped over sitting position, looking SO uncomfortable. But, of course, I’m not gonna go waving a finger in anyone’s face, I just really wish there was more of this sort of awareness spread to parents, and even family doctors and pediatricians, as they don’t seem to bevvery knowledgeable about the issue. Thanks for your post!

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  12. Wow! So informative! I had no idea & was worried I was “ruining” my 4 month old baby by holding him so much, laying him under his play gym sometimes & putting him in his mamaroo while I shower. I thought he wasn’t getting enough stimulation or practice sitting & standing. I was actually getting ready to purchase a Bumbo, Excersaucer and Walker when I came across your blog accidentally. So glad!! So is there anything you can recommend that would be good for my baby at this age, 4 months and has head control but does not sit up on his own yet. Also your thoughts on carriers that face him out would be greatly appreciated! Thank you!

    • Rose, so glad you stopped by! A baby play table would be a wonderful addition to your baby’s collection and his current stage if development. You can read more information here: http://mamaot.com/2012/10/31/8ways-to-use-a-baby-play-table/.

      As for baby carriers that will face baby out, it’s best to try and avoid facing baby completely forward for as long as you can. Babies become easily overstimulated and cannot turn away from the stinulation when they are facing out. Plus, there are some positioning issues that are not so good for baby either that occur when facing outward. However, once baby is sturdy enough to sit in a carrier over to the side (as if you were holding him on your hip), that will allow him to be able to look forward but also turn his head away if he becomes overstimulated. The positioning is also better for him then facing out as well. Both the Ergo and Mayat Wrap Ring Sling allow for this side position (but baby can also face in if necessary). Check them out and see what you think!

    • Based on my experience, many babies will not tolerate being placed in an exersaucer for more than a few moments once they can crawl and move around on their own.

  13. Hi! I was wondering if your post applies to baby walkers (not exersaucers) but the ones where the babies’ feet touch the ground and they can start rolling the whole apparatus around in them? Like these:

    I looked around for a post on walkers on your website but this is the closest I found. My friends all say their babies like it and are encouraging me to get one but I’m hesitant and wanted to know if your opinions for exersaucers apply to walkers, or if you think the walkers are better/different.

    Thank you!

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  15. As a mother of 4 and now a new grandmother, I was very pleased to have come across your informative blog. When my 2 older children where born there was no source for info like yours. New moms relied on their mom, pediatricians, friends with children, & good old fashioned common sense! When my twins (now 10) were born 15 years after my first 2, a whole new world of information had become available. Thank you for your honest, candid, & realistic response to a need for many new parents as a source of information. I like to believe we all love our children & want to be the best parents possible.

    • You’re welcome. I think walker push toys are great for 2 stages: before baby can walk and after baby has learned to walk. A toy like the one you linked to is awesome for babies who are able to sit and play and who are learning to kneel and stand while playing with the front “entertainment” portion. And once baby is able to balance and walk on their own, it’s great for giving them something to push. However, many pediatric physical therapists do not encourage babies to use these push toys to LEARN to walk because it really promotes poor habits and patterns when they are starting out. Learning to walk is all about learning to manage your body in space, adjust your center of gravity in relation to the test of your body, look at your feet to see where they are going, and use your arms in a “high guard” position (up and out) to assist with balancing. Much of this does not occur when “learning” to walk with a push toy. But, like I said, I think these types of toys are great for many other reasons and can be used for many months, so it is worth the investment if you are considering it!

      • Thank you so much. This is all so informative. What do you think about allowing my 4 month old to sit or stand supported by me? She loves being in these positions but I wonder if they are bad for spinal development.

      • At this point in time (4 months old), you do not need to have your baby practicing sitting or standing. I would not suggest you encourage her to stand until she is learning how to pull to stand from a sitting or crawling position. As far as propping to sit goes, I think you’ll find this article helpful on my site, written by a pediatric physical therapist who specializes in infant motor development: http://mamaot.com/2013/07/14/to-sit-or-not-to-sit-developing-functional-sitting-skills-in-babies/. Thanks for your great questions!

So, whadya think?